Language Change Theories

  • Created by: lizdog
  • Created on: 19-02-19 14:36
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  • Language Change Theories
    • Attitudes
      • Prescriptivism
        • Aitchison's 3 Metaphors
          • Damp Spoon
          • Crumbling Castle
          • Infectious Disease
        • John Humphrys
          • Texting
            • They are destroying it: pillaging our punctuation; savaging our sentences; ****** our vocabulary.
          • Hyphen
        • McKinnon
          • Descriptivism
            • David Crystal
              • 'Language changes to reflect society'
            • OED
              • Documents and records change
                • Eg: Bootylicious
          • Socially acceptable vs socially unacceptable
          • Appropriate in context vs inappropriate in context
          • Pleasant vs ugly
          • Useful vs Unuseful
          • Incorrect vs correct
          • Morally acceptable vs unnacceptable
      • Descriptivism
        • David Crystal
          • 'Language changes to reflect society'
        • OED
          • Documents and records change
            • Eg: Bootylicious
    • Reasons
      • Globalisation
        • Interconnectedness
        • Interaction with other languages
        • Language contact situation
          • Immigration
            • African American Vernacular English
              • eg; 'slay' 'bae' 'squad
      • Technology
        • Phones
          • Social media
        • Transport
          • Time-space compression
      • Education improvements
      • Increased social mobility
    • William Labov- social bonding
      • Lexical changes signal social identity
        • Eg: reclaiming of the n word and use of blud in MLE
    • S-Curve- Chen + Bailey
      • Neologism starts small, experiences massive increase in use then drops off
    • Wave model- Bailey
      • Geographical distance
        • 'Epicentre'
        • Middle class Edinburgh wont acquire MLE
    • Functional Theory
      • Lang change is to meet the needs of society
    • Substratum Theory
      • Foreign Borrowings transported through media and travel
    • Lexical Gaps
      • Need for new words to fill gaps
        • Eg; texting and tweeting
    • Tree Model
      • Main language is family
      • Members are languages
      • Births and marriages are relationships

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