Language Change overtime Edexcel

View mindmap
  • Language Change Overtime
    • Grammar
      • 2nd p. singular pronoun
        • you -> today
        • thee, thou, thy, thine -> 1400-1700 EME
      • 2nd p. plural pronoun
        • you (p) today
        • ye -> 1400-1700 EME
          • ALSO: formal sing. 'you'
      • 2nd p. singular
        • present tense inflection
          • EST
      • 3rd p sing.
        • present tense inflection
          • ETH
    • Orthography
      • y/i
        • varied with dictionaries
      • u/v
        • v @start of words
        • u elswhere
        • interchangable
      • j/i
        • j was an extended form of i
        • e.g. Iesus instead of Jesus
      • s/?
        • 's' @ beginning/end
        • ? in medial position of words or verbs and sometimes nouns
      • silent 'e'
        • to mark a long vowel in preceding syllable
        • due to line justification
    • Orthographic change (ME)
      • Loss of ?
      • standardised spelling rules
        • dictionaries
        • schooling
      • Loss of final e
        • reason: confusion RE pronunciation
    • Punctuation
      • Pre 1700
        • uppercase letters
      • Pre 1500
        • / is a virule = . or ,
      • Post 1500
        • .=,
        • ;:""= ME period
      • M.E.
        • Greek based suffixes
          • IZE
          • ISM
        • . restricted to end of sentence
        • ; began to be used as well as :
        • "" for direct speech
        • Capital letters: start of sentences; proper nouns; important nouns
        • Commas: link extended clauses; full stops relaced by ,
        • Apostrophes: possession; missing letters
        • Contraction of words
    • Negation
      • auxiliary operator 'do' was not used
        • OLD: I know not
        • MODERN: I DO not know
      • WHY: Grammar books= standardised rules
    • Views / Theories
      • Damp spoon syndrome
        • language deteriorates with human laziness
      • Crumbling castle view
        • Language was once perfect but if it is not taken care of it deteriorates
      • infectious
        • social contact spreads new usage
      • Prescriptivists
        • language should have a set of rules and not be deviated from
      • Descriptivist
        • Looks at how/why language changes and believe this to be the natural course
      • Determinism
        • human thought is only possible through language
          • we can only think things we have the language to articulate
            • BUT Doesn't explain how new words/ changes occur

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Language variation and discourses resources »