Historical Texts Analysis Framework

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  • Framework
    • Orthography
      • Use of long 'S'
      • u/v and y/i/j substitution
      • additional final 'e' inflection
      • inconsistent consonant doubling
      • inconsistent spelling within the same text
    • Lexis/Semantics
      • Semantic Shift
        • Specialisation
          • The meaning of the word becomes more specific
        • Amelioration
          • The meaning of the word becomes more POSITIVE
        • Pejoration
          • The meaning of the word becomes more NEGATIVE
        • Generalisation
          • The meaning of the word becomes less specific
        • Weakening
          • Meaning of the word becomes less powerful
        • Stengthening
          • Meaning of the word becomes more powerful
      • Archaisms
        • Words no longer in use
      • Use of Latinate words
        • In early development of English Latin was the Prestige form. English was for Peasants.
      • Neologisms (new words)
        • Words used in the newer text that likely didn't exist in the old one.
      • Vocabulary reflecting society
        • How the language use reflects the society of the time
    • Grammar
      • Archaic Inflections
        • ThinkEST, haTH, doST.
        • Some remnants of Archaic Inflections exist in modern verbs
          • SlepT, childrEN
      • Archaic Pronouns
      • Punctuation Differences
      • Longer, more complex sentence structures
      • Syntax Inversion
      • Use of conjunctions/co-ordination/ compound sentences
    • Discourse Structure
      • Anaphoric Reference
        • Proper noun before pronouns (reffering back)
      • Cataphoric Refence
        • Pronouns before proper nouns (reffering ahead)
      • Exophoric Reference
        • Reference to wider text/external things
      • Intertextual Reference
        • Allusion or Explicit Reference to another text
  • Archaisms
    • Words no longer in use

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