Kingship and divine rights of kings

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  • Created on: 15-12-19 20:49
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  • Kingship and divine rights of kings
    • It is impossible to be the perfect King
      • Duncan was respected,loyal and trusting as he trusted everyone even those who are a threat to him as he calls Macbeth his "valiant cousin" but he died and Macbeth was tyrannical,powerful and brutal and kingship takes a mental strength as his mind becomes "full of scorpions" that Macbeth lacks but he also died.This shows that if you are good or bad it  is impossible to be the perfect King.
    • Kingship
      • The two main examples of kingship are Macbeth and King Duncan who are totally opposite to each other.In Act 1 Scene 2 Duncan punishes the treacherous- the Thane of Cawdor ; he wants to "pronounce his present death and with his former title reward Macbeth" so reward the faithful instead.
    • Crown and throne
      • Shakespeare uses them as metonyms for kingship in the play. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth call it the "crown" which is something that can be easily be worn or taken off and Malcolm's side call it the "throne" which is something fixed you can ascend to.
    • So clear in his great office,hath born his faculties so meek...his virtues will plead like angels
      • Duncan is weak as he doesn't spot Macbeth's cunning and that the Thane of Cawdor is a traitor but he is a good man as a Christian person
      • There are wonderful things about Duncan that when he dies this wonderful things will be like angels taking him to heaven
      • Macbeth realises that he is going against God and that he will be punished not just in Heaven but also in Earth
    • "But in these cases we still have judgement here;that we but teach bloody instructions, which,being taught, return to plague the inventor"
      • Macbeth knows that if he kills Duncan it will be like a lesson which is teaching him "blood"(murder). Once  its taught its pupils-the other thanes will come back and assassinate him in the same way he assassinated Duncan
      • Shakespeare message: there is no point killing King James because you will end up getting killed. It is better to accept that God knows what he is doing and keep this King even if you don' like him as he is better than the alternative which is conflict
    • "That wouldst thou holily; wouldst not play false and yet wouldst wrongly win"
      • Lady Macbeth knows her husband would rather ascend to the throne through God but would not win his Kingship that way
    • I am his kinsman and his subject
      • Macbeth feels guilt in betraying the King
    • "All hail Macbeth that shalt be King hereafter"
      • While Duncan was proclaimed King by God Macbeth is being proclaimed King by agents of the devil


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