Interpersonal Relationships

  • Created by: katielou
  • Created on: 16-04-19 11:21
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  • Interpersonal Relationships
    • Physical Attractiveness: Childlike features (large eyes/lips), symmetrical, feminine faces, healthy hair
      • Other features: clothing, physique, age, glasses, facial hair, height, first name
    • Halo effect (Dion 72 what is beautiful is good)- attractive = positive attributes. Dion (76) - attractive child photo = less serious misbehaviour & less severe punishment
      • Experiments = identifying individuals & studying shared characteristics or create composite image of combined faces
    • 2 people agree 3rd rating. Men judging agreed more than women. Kenrick 98, pics of attractive before rating = harsher judgements
    • BPS 2015: Red, voice pitch (low = power), mimicry
    • Symmetry: Perrett 1991 - software manipulation is preferred. Penton-Vook 2001 - real faces still preferred
    • Penton-Vook & Perrett 2000 - females prefer feminine faces, but not during follicular phase
    • Proximity: Closer = mere exposure effect (Zajonc 1968) - more contact = develop mutual attraction. Newcomb 1961 halls for students
    • Similarity: Matching hypothesis. Walster 69 - dance set-up & same attractiveness
      • Construct similarity = liking with similar ways of viewing things - predict & reinforce (Kelly 55) & cognitive similariaty = liking with similar views
    • Dissimilarity: Complementary Needs Hypothesis - make up weaknesses - Winch 58
      • Markey 2007 - high quality relationshps = dissimilar in dominance
    • Changing methods: more naturalistic, longitudinal. Improved tech- 3D body images & eye track
    • Similarity Theories: Balance Theory (balance = + state), Social Comparison Theory (validate), Evolutionary Perspective (safe no fear)
    • Proportion of similarity = no. topics similar divided by total no. topics discussed

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