Interactionism

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  • Interactionism
    • Behaviour = not determined by organisation of society, but by individuals
      • But others' attitudes influence our actions and thoughts
    • Symbolic Interaction = clues to social situations
      • People bring interpretations to every social interaction
      • You learn that particular contexts demand particular social responses
    • Socialisation and Identity
      • Involves the ever expanding learning of a stock of shared interpretations and meanings for most social interactions
      • Leads to social identity (personality, qualities) unique to culture, roles or groups
    • Evaluation
      • Weakness = ignores wider social factors, power differences and why they occur
  • Study - Labelling Theory - Cicourel - participant observation of police in California, found police stopped and searched/arrested/charged youth in poor areas more where behavior seen as more suspicious - fitted stereotypes.
    • Middle class deviants less likely to be charged, as parents negociated and didn't fit stereotypes, seen as temporary phase
    • Crime and Deviance
      • Interactionism
        • Behaviour = not determined by organisation of society, but by individuals
          • But others' attitudes influence our actions and thoughts
        • Symbolic Interaction = clues to social situations
          • People bring interpretations to every social interaction
          • You learn that particular contexts demand particular social responses
        • Socialisation and Identity
          • Involves the ever expanding learning of a stock of shared interpretations and meanings for most social interactions
          • Leads to social identity (personality, qualities) unique to culture, roles or groups
        • Evaluation
          • Weakness = ignores wider social factors, power differences and why they occur
      • Study - Becker - Deviant behaviour is behaviour that people so label and therefore the 'deviant' doing it

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