Institutional Aggression - Prisons

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  • Created by: RahmaM
  • Created on: 19-04-16 17:41
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  • Institutional Aggresion
    • Importation Model
      • IRWIN & CRESSEY 1962
      • Prisoners bring own social histories and traits to prison
        • Influences their prison behaviour
      • PRISON SUB CULTURE
        • Not betraying each other, trustworthy
        • Convicts: Having power and info in prison are huge influences in prison
        • Individuals use aggression as coping mechanism
      • HARRER & STEFFENSMEIER 2006
        • Collected 58 US prisons
        • Black inmates, higher rates of violent behaviour, lower rates of alcohol, drug related
        • Supports racial differences in society seen in prison
        • AO3 Large Sample of 58 prisons
        • SUPPORTS
      • DELISI ET AL 2004
        • Inmates with prior street gang involvement no more likely to engage in prison violence
        • CHALLENGES
          • No real difference - Lack of correlation
      • FISCHER 2001
        • Isolating known gang members reduces assault by 50%
          • Individuals have influence on people not institution
        • AO3 Natural Observation no manipulation
    • Deprivation Model
      • Daily deprivation - frustration causes aggression
        • SYKES 1958
          • LIBERTY - Can not be trusted to live freely, morally rejected by society
          • AUTONOMY - no power or choice of their lives, feelings of helplessness
          • GOODS & SERVICES - Western emphasis on possession make this  hard for them, bring about sense of failure
          • HETERO SEXUAL RELATION-SHIPS - Sexual frustration, companionship reflects self worth, creates anxieties
          • SECURITY - fear of other inmates
      • MCCORKE ET AL 1995
      • NIMIAN ET AL 1999
        • Increased personal space failed to decrease violent incidence
          • WEAKENS DEPRIVATION MODEL
      • CHEESEMAN 2003
        • Prison aggression because lack of purpose and goods
          • SUPPORTS DEPRIVATION MODEL
    • REAL WORLD APP
      • Deprivation model can be used to improve prison condition to potentially lessen violence
    • SOCIALLY SENSITIVE
      • Does deprivation model take away all responsible from individual is it justifiable?
      • All research done on men, keeps the status quo

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