Impact of wars and revolutions on the development of Russian peoples

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  • Impact of wars and revolutions on the development of the Russian peoples.
    • Structure of government and political representation
      • A.2 The Crimean war 1853-6
        • clearly serfdom was not good enough, emancipation edict leads to zenstva
      • N.2 1905 revolution
        • October Manifesto, Duma however Fundamental Laws 1907
      • N.2 WW1 1914-18
        • directly leads to the abdication of the Tsar, formation of Provisional Government and the promise of a Constituent Assembly.
      • Lenin October Revolution 1917
        • Constituent assembly shut down when Bolsheviks came second to SR's. New political structure (Sovnarkom). Russia becomes single part state
      • Lenin Russian civil war 1917-21
        • Power became even more centralized due to war communism in order to win and maintain power
      • Stalin WW2 1939-45
        • Communist victory led to hardening the regime
    • Economic Reforms
      • A.2 The Crimean War 1853-6
        • lack of success in war due to economic infrastructure being outdated. modernization saw the end to serfdom
      • N.2 1905 Revolution
        • focus continued on industry. industrial output increased on average by 7% a year
      • Lenin October revolution 1917
        • war communism in reaction to civil war and the economy controlled by the state
      • Lenin Russian civil war 1917-21
        • war communism, higher levels of repression. some concessions were made NEP
      • Stalin WW2 1935-45
        • collectivization and five year plans to ensure development
      • Khrushchev The Cold War 1947-64
        • 5 year plans continued Virgin Land Campaign
    • Social refoms
      • A.2 The Crimean War 1853-6
        • Glasnost, relaxation on censorship, major reforms in education
      • N.2 February 1917 revolution
        • formation of Provisional Government led to '8 principles', amnesty, free speech, abolition of secret speech
      • Lenin October revolution 1917
        • war communism led to clamp down on counter-revolutionary behavior. Cheka used terror to victimize people, also implemented grain requistioning
      • Stalin WW2 1939-45
        • during war NKVD target minority groups. afterwards revert to purging the Party and other dissidents
      • Khrushchev The Cold War 1947-64
        • destalinization leads to Gulags largely disappearing. MVD mostly dealt with ordinary criminal acts and civil order

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