Idealism

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  • Idealism
    • Berkeley's attack on the primary and secondary  property distinction and his master argument
      • Can you conceive of a physical object existing independent of a mind?
        • No because if you imagine it unperceived you are still imagining it
          • You cannot conceive of something existing unconvinced and unperceived
      • Both primary and secondary qualities are mind dependant as you cannot imagine an object stripped bare of its secondary qualities into just its primary qualities
  • the immediate objects of perception are mind independant
    • This leads to solipsism
      • The world resolves around us all
        • It is impossible to perceive of anything beyond my own mind then only my mind can be known to exist
    • It cannot secure objective time and spce
      • space and time are abstract concepts which cannot be empirically proven
        • space and time rely on our perception which for an idealist is impossible due to its subjective nature
          • In essence, space and time cant exist to idealists because it cannot be perceived
    • Can god play the role that he does?
      • Berkeley said that what we perceive is a copy of gods mind
        • So we perceive what god does
          • God cannot ave the same perceptual experiences that we do e.g. cannot feel pain
            • what we forget no longer exists to us but they would still exist to god
              • so god cannot perceive what we do
    • It does not give  an adequate account of illusions and hallucinations
      • Idealism says that material objects do not exist without any minds thinking of them
        • If this were true  there would be a distinction between hallucinations and what we perceive in the real world
          • So there would be no difference between perceptual and veridical error
    • Idealism
      • Berkeley's attack on the primary and secondary  property distinction and his master argument
        • Can you conceive of a physical object existing independent of a mind?
          • No because if you imagine it unperceived you are still imagining it
            • You cannot conceive of something existing unconvinced and unperceived
        • Both primary and secondary qualities are mind dependant as you cannot imagine an object stripped bare of its secondary qualities into just its primary qualities

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