How and why spatial patterns of social inequalities vary

  • Created by: EmilyM17
  • Created on: 26-05-19 17:11
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  • How and why spatial patterns of social inequality vary
    • Wealth
      • Low incomes are linked to factors such as ill-health, lower educational attainment and poor access to services
      • lack of formal qualifications and low skill sets are major obstacles to raising income and thereby reducing social inequality
      • Cost of living- disposable income: the amount left over when all essentials of life have been brought
    • Housing
      • Poor quality housing and overcrowded conditions= ill-health
      • Inequality in access occurs when demand for housing exceeds supply
        • rapid urbanisation has lead to authorities not being able to keep up
      • homelessness is a growing problem among urban populations of ACs
      • Affordability of housing contributes to social inequality
    • Health
      • Clear link between ill-health and deprivation
      • Stress of day-to-day living, poor diet and poor standard housing in poverty can have affect on health
      • Access to medical services also plays a part
    • Education
      • Achieving universal primary education was one of the Millenium Development Goals
        • Most governments invest in education to improve quality of life and standard of living
      • Illiteracy excludes people from accessing education and therefore reduces employment opportunities
    • Access to services
      • Global scale
        • Inequalities between AC, EDCs and LIDCs
          • Comparisons in number of doctors per 1000:
            • Norway, AC= just over 4
            • Brazil, EDC= just under 2
            • Kenya, LIDC= well below 1
      • National scale
        • Inequalities between regions
          • Those living in capital cities, where wealth and investment are high, tend to have good access to services, where as those in peripheral regions do not
      • Influenced by:
        • Number of services
        • How easy it is to get to a service
        • Social and economic factors e.g. age, gender, income
      • Clear rural-urban divide in access. Urban dwellers usually have better access
      • In some EDCs and LIDCs mobile technology is beginning to reduce inequality
      • One way in which social inequality can persist is through restriction in access to the internet. For instance, in China, internet access is controlled by governments

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