How well did Wolsey serve Henry VIII

A mindmap on the question how well did Henry serve Henry VIII, sorry about any spelling mistakes

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  • Created by: Dan
  • Created on: 15-05-13 15:21
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  • How well did Wolsey serve his king?
    • Wealth of the crown
      • Act of resumption (1515)
        • Returned land lost by the nobility in the civil wars of the previous century.
        • It was bitterly opposed by some of the noblemen
      • Subsidy tax 1513 and 1523
        • Added onto fifteenths and tenths
        • Raised £325,000
        • Wolsey asked for 4 shillings per pound but only got 2
      • Forced loans 1522-23
        • Introduced it to pay for the war, raised £240,000
        • Very unpopular, everyone knew that they would not be getting their money back
      • The amicable grant (1525)
        • Even though it was Henry's idea, Wolsey took the blame for it, protecting king and country
          • It was Henry's idea so to some extent embarrassed him
        • In Suffolk 10,000 peopled rebeled
          • It was considered too much after all the other taxes and forced loans
        • Wolsey bypassed parliament which was not poplular
      • Wolsey's personal wealth
        • Wolsey's wealth as a servant of the king perhaps reflected well on Henry
        • Wolsey's court could awe domestic  rivals
        • Wolsey's wealth made him a strong target from opponents
          • He was prepared to steal e.g the earl of Derby
            • Wolsey's personal wealth
              • Wolsey's wealth as a servant of the king perhaps reflected well on Henry
              • Wolsey's court could awe domestic  rivals
              • Wolsey's wealth made him a strong target from opponents
                • He was prepared to steal e.g the earl of Derby
      • Order and Administration
        • Centralization of power
          • By centralizing the power he helped create a nation free from foreign interference
          • appointed  Justices of peace to reduce the power of English nobles
          • Wolsey was more interested in maintaining his own power e.g he expelled minions from the court because of their influence
        • Eltham ordinances (1526)
          • Unnecessary jobs were eliminated
            • 12 gentlemen of the privy chamber was cut to six
            • Access to the king was reduced
              • Just another attempt by Wolsey to gain more power
                • 12 gentlemen of the privy chamber was cut to six
                • Removed specific opponents such as the Boleyn brothers
                  • Once he completed these he lost interest in reform
        • Relations with Parliment
          • He expected Parliament to merely rubber stamp his and Henry's polocies
          • Ran the country without their advice
        • Relations with the Nobility
          • They had a mutual toleration
          • Did not wish to break the nobility just bend it to to the kings will
          • They had a degree of hostility
            • e.g blamed for the Duke of Buckinghams  execution
      • Law
        • Court of the  of the star chamber
          • Wolsey believed in impartial justice for all people
          • Wolsey sat in the court for several times a week meaning 10* the amount of cases that it had dealt with before
            • e.g Henry Percy 5th earl of Northumberland
            • Strengthen the crowns authority
              • e.g Henry Percy 5th earl of Northumberland
        • Court of  Chancery and the Court of requests
          • Poor people were able to get their cases heard quicker and more cheaply
          • Wolsey's reforms did not go far enough, he only slightly tinkered with it
        • Wolsey had a genuine interest in the law and justice, he increased the workload and made it easier for poor people to get help
          • Often waved fees that the poor owed him. Tried to fix prices to stop exploitation e.g 1518 the just price mechanism
        • Wolsey was quite happy to trample poor peoples rights when it suited him. He often used it as a means of control
          • MP Robert  Sheffield imprisoned on an unjust charge for speaking out against the church
      • Enclosures
        • Wolsey made  effort to stop greedy land owners enclosing common land
          • In 1517 he launched a successful campaign to prosecute 222 landowners out of a total of 260 charged
        • Wolsey failed  to stop the practice of enclosures, he abandoned the effort in 1523 in a deal with parliament in return for the taxes for Henry's second French war
      • Spiritual Matters-control and management of tne church
        • Wolsey's control of the Church and treatment of the Pope
          • Wolsey's only master was Henry VIII
            • This gave Henry De Facto control over the church and centralization of power in England
          • Wolsey gained Legate powers temporarily in 1518 and permanently
            • This gave Henry De Facto control over the church and centralization of power in England
          • Wolsey blocked the Popes attempt to get a general   European peace treaty and a crusade against the Ottoman empire
            • Then hijacked the treaty and organised one himself
              • Makes Henry look good
          • Once he had his legate powers he largely ignored the Pope
            • Come back to bite him when Henry wanted an annulment
        • Wolsey's jobs and abuses of the church
          • In 1523 Wolsey and his allies controlled 13 of the 23 bishoprics
            • Henry gained clear control over the church and the power of the Pope was reduced
          • Wolsey's own conduct was full of abuses
            • Used church funds to pay for his extravagant lifestyle
              • Gave church positions to Tomas winter his illegitimate son
            • He had far too many church positions
              • He was Archbishop of York and Bishop of Durham despite not setting foot in either areas (absenteeism)
        • Church Reforms, Tackling heresy and the dissolution of 30 minor monistaries
          • Church reform: improved priests education by forming the Cardinal's college in oxford in 1525 and a grammar school in Ipswich .
            • Came up with other ideas such as increasing the number of bishoprics and reforming the corrupt monasteries e.g the unruly abbey of Thame
            • Banned Lutheran books in 1521 and later arresting suspected heretics
            • Dissolution of the minor monasteries, aroused little opposition because they were considered unfit for purpose
          • Made no serious attempts to make the church a better organisation, milked it for everything he could
            • Was  look warm about tackling heresy as he did not care for religion
            • Used money from the dissolution to build his oxford college rather than giving it to the crown

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