earthquake case study

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  • Created by: Sharon
  • Created on: 30-12-15 10:51
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  • Haiti (Jan 12th 2010)
    • HDI: 0.47 :UK:0.89 :Japan: 0.89
    • Tectonic Setting
      • Strike slip fault running off destructive plate margin.
    • Magnitude
      • 7.0.
      • 1 minute long
      • epicentre 15 miles from nation's capital. only 13km deep.
    • Frequency
      • 200 years since last earthquake.
      • activity after 1755 and 1770 showed worry energy moving along fault line.
    • Vulnerability
      • largely vulnerable due to areas built on unstable soil. = shaking and liquefaction & land into sea.
      • poorest country in western hemisphere.
      • 38% uner 14, LE 60, GDP $1300, 80% below poverty line, 53% illiterate.
        • poorest country in western hemisphere.
    • Capacity to cope
      • does not have resources e.g. warnings
      • building quality was poor = most loss because building collapses. "pancaked"
      • few reserves e.g. money, food. already reliant for over 30% national GDP
    • Immediate response
      • Own belongings, scientists for data. no actual aid. (transport issue, lack resources)
      • Satellite imagery from London guided efforts
      • confusion who in charge, priority of flights
      • mass graves delays aid distribution created violence
    • Impact
      • 316,000 dead, million homeless. 3m total effected no earthquakes in mind.
      • 250,000 residents & 30,000 commercial had collapsed.
      • clothing -2/3 exports damaged at factory. 1/5 jobs lost.
      • port destroyed communication cut beyond repair, sea level rose
      • 2011 still in make shift homes. roads cracked from fault line
    • Long term response
      • EU $330 million. World bank waved debt for 5 yrs
      • Senegalese offered land to any haitians
      • 6 months after, 98% rubble remained
      • 1.6 million in camps no electricity,running water,sewage
      • 23 charities $1.1 billion, only 2% released
      • one year after 1 million srillldispplaced
      • USA charge of coordinate aid distribtuion

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