Growth of Indian Nationalism

  • Created by: hennah_a
  • Created on: 21-05-18 09:16
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  • Growth of Indian Nationalism
    • Gandhi- joined INC 1914, emerged as leader in autumn of 1920
      • Growing support for non-violence
      • Kheda 3rd Satyagraha- 1918
      • Champaran 1st Satyagraha- 1917
      • Arrests 1919- Amritsar Massacre, 1920- Chauri Chaura incident
    • Home Rule Leagues 1916
      • After only 1 year 60,000 people joined
      • Two new and innovative nationalist organisations
        • Annie Beasant  Fabian activist INC member set  up protest group to appeal for Home Rule for India
        • Bal Tilak 'Awakener of India', 'Father of unrest' operated mainly in western India. Member of the INC, formed the All India Home Rule League
        • Used newspapers, rallies, pamphlets, preachers and songs in attempts to spread the voice of nationalism
    • 1885- INC founded mainly high caste Hindus, all spoke English, mostly lawyers
    • 1905- Partition of Bengal by Viceroy Curzon
    • 1906- Muslim League founded
    • 1911-Annulment of Bengal
    • 1916- Lucknow Pact  united Hindus INC and Muslims ML in the aim of self-government
      • ML saw annulment of partition Bengal implication the Raj no longer favored the Muslim cause.
      • British Empire declared war on Turkey Nov 1914, many Muslims resented the decision regarded Sultan of Turkey as spiritual leader
      • Jinnah worked tirelessly to create a rapprochement between the Muslims and INC
      • Pact gave Muslims: Fixed proportion of seats in Indian parliament, extra seats areas of minority, role to play in policy decision making
    • Jinnah INC 1920s, Muslim League from 1913
    • 1915 DOIA
      • Emergency criminal law
      • Intention of curtailing nationalist and revolutionary activities during WW1
      • Granted exec wide powers- preventive detention, internment no trail, restriction of writing, speech, movement.
      • Unpopular but accepted in middle of the war
    • 1919 Rowlatt Acts
      • Extention of GOIA
      • Opposed unanimously by Indian members of Viceroy Council
      • Indian's under suspicion of revolutionary activity could be; imprisoned without trail, held indefinitely, be convicted by a court without a jury
      • Confirmed Britain had no intention of relaxing its grip on India
    • 1919- Amritsar Massacre
      • Fullest nationalist feeling
      • INC membership increased 100,000-1918 2 mill- 1921
      • 5,000- 20,000 gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh to listen to speeches about the riots and Rowlett Acts. Dyer arrived with British troops opened fire on the crowd killing 370, more died of wounds

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