Methodology

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  • Created by: lou9119
  • Created on: 04-06-17 11:16
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  • Methods
    • Interpretivism
      • Unstructured, informal, micro, qualitative, valid, value-laden, anecdotal methodology
        • Natural/field experiment, small scale surveys, open-ended questionnaires, unstructured interviews, participant observation, personal documents
          • They regard these methods as valuable as they use grounded theory (forming analysis from data already collected) with vershten.
      • Criticisms
        • Lack of reliability, it is subjective research as their methods depend on the researcher's interpretation of meaning.
        • The research is invalid as the close relationships formed may cause hawthorne effect. Has limited use.
    • Positivism
      • Scientific, structured, formal, macro, quantitative, reliable, value-free, empirical methodology
        • Artificial experiments, comparative method, large scale surveys, pre-coded questionnaires, structured interviews, non-participant observation, official statistics.
          • They regard these methods as valuable as they provide empirical data which can be generalised. It is reliable as the findings can be checked and replicated. Detachment of researchers.
      • Criticisms
        • Not valid or a true account of society as they impose the researcher's own framework. e.g deciding what questions to ask.
        • Official statistics are social constructions as they are a record of decision-making by officials. e.g. suicide statistics are the coroners decision.
        • Feminism
          • It has masculine bias and produces a male view of society.
          • Treats women as insignificant extensions of men, research on men generalised to women.
          • Malestream methods such as structured interviews not helpful for women.
          • Value-commitment
    • Issues in Research
      • Practical
        • Time; Venkatesh study of gangs involved him following a gang for an extended period of time.
        • Cost; Griffin 'Black Like Me' to artificially darken his skin he underwent lots of costly treatments.
        • Access; Val Hey studied friendship between girls, she sometimes gave them gifts to mss lessons to take part in research, wasn't allowed in the school.
        • Researcher's characteristics; Oakley, as a feminist studying women in the role of the housewife
      • Ethical
        • Going native; Hobbs got a job as a bouncer to understand their lives and attitudes.
        • Confidentiality; Humphreys invasion of the privacy of homosexual men in the tearoom trade. He threatened the social standing of his subjects.
        • Deception; Humphrey, pretended to be a ******, acted as a lookout for police.
        • Withdrawal; Rosenthal and Jacobson, children did not have the  option to withdraw from the study.
        • Informed consent; Humphreys, he couldn't get consent to study the prostitutes as they were unaware of his true identity.
        • Research on vulnerable groups; Val HEY get away from the children.
        • Harm to participants; Griffin, emotional
      • Theoretical
        • Value-laden, value-freedom, value-commitment.
        • Methods used.
        • Interpretation of results
        • Choice of topic.

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