God 3 - trinity

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  • God - the Trinity
    • Wasn't always believed - developed due to changing ideas + developments in monotheism
      • Not accepted by all, as is 'perceived' within NT writings
        • Matthew 28:19 'go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit'
        • 2 Corinthians 13:14 'The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all'
      • Early Church understood they were experiencing God incarnate in Jesus
        • John 10:30 'I and the Father are one'
      • God's presence/action as the Holy Spirit
        • Matthew 1:20 'Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit'
      • Doctrine developed after centuries of confusion etc. in understanding the three persons
        • Father, Son and Spirit are 1 God in 3 persons
        • Each person is fully God, possessing each of the divine characteristics (Omni etc)
        • Each differs from the others only in terms of their inner relations - that they are not the other
        • God exists as 1 substance in 3 persons - Hypostases
        • All 3 are eternal + uncreated
    • Each person is fully and completely God (share the godhead), yet each is unique
      • Perichoresis describes the relation between 3 persons of Godhead = 'mutual indwelling'
        • John's Gospel = perichoretic understanding of God's glory Jesus says 'Father, the hour has come; glorify thy Son that the Son may glorify thee'
    • Importance
      • 1. Brings together the mains historical + doctrinal truths of Christianity regarding sin, atonement + redemption
        • God sent the Son as atonement
          • the Son is fully human - able to make that atonement through death + resurrection
            • Holy Spirit = new birth in Jesus, Christians hope of eternal life
        • the Son is fully human - able to make that atonement through death + resurrection
          • Holy Spirit = new birth in Jesus, Christians hope of eternal life
      • 2. Possible for personal relationship with God
        • Godhead = transcendent + unknowable, whereas the Father is a 'personal creator' to be known and loved by creation
        • Son = immanent as a human person
        • Holy Spirit = indwelling in human spirit + transforms life (joy etc)
      • 3.A model of personhood
        • God is love, relationship between Father, Son + Holy Spirit = love
          • Humans in image of God = personal relationships modelled on Trinitarian Love = immense value
        • Jurgen Moltmann = emphasis on 3 persons existing in community of self-giving and receiving love

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