Germany and the end of WW1.

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  • Germany and the end of WW1.
    • 1918
      • The Allies were prepared to discuss ending the war if Germany became more democratic.
      • The Kaiser refused to let go of any of his power which led to the people organising a revolution.
      • Kaiser Wilhelm II was the final Kaiser of Germany and he abdicated in November 1918.
    • The Weimar Republic.
      • In January 1919 the first free elections were held in Germany.
      • Friedrich Ebert (leader of the SPD) became the first president of the Weimar Republic.
      • The Republic was formed on November 9 1918.
    • Terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
      • Germany had to accept guilt for starting the war.
      • They were forced to pay 132 billion marks.
      • The sizes of theGerman army and navy were limited to stop them fighting again.
      • The League of Nations was formed but Germany couldn't join.
      • Land was lost to Britain, France, Belgium, Denmark and Poland.
    • Reaction to the Treaty of Versailles.
      • The German people began calling the people who signed the Treaty the 'November criminals'.
      • The German foreign minister was assassinated in 1922 for signing the Treaty.
      • Some of the Allies thought it was too harsh while others thought it could have been made tougher.


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