Genetic Modification and Cloning

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  • Created by: HLeiper
  • Created on: 18-04-14 10:02
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  • Genetic Modification and Cloning
    • Human insulin
      • used for people suffering fro  diabeties
      • GMO of bacteria cells mixed with genes from the donor cultured in a fermenter
      • Insulin can be extracted from animals because of the identical insulin
    • Transgenic
      • Transfer of genetic material from one species to a different species
    • Micropropagation
      • Plant chosen to be cloned get explants taken from the tips of stems and side shoots
      • Explants are sterilised
      • Grown in vitro (nutrient medium) - contains growth hormone
      • Cells in explants divide and grow - small plants form
      • Small plants taken out of the medium and planted into soil or greenhouses


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