COGNITIVE EXPLANATIONS: GENDER SCHEMA THEORY

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  • Created on: 21-03-18 09:08
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  • GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
    • Martin and Halverston's theory that argues that childrens understanding of gender increases with age.
    • Shares Kohlberg's view that children develop their gender understanding by actively structuring their learning.
    • SCHEMA DIRECT BEHAVIOUR & SELF UNDERSTANDING
      • Likely to be formed around stereotypes
      • By the age of 6, the child has a fixed idea about what is appropriate for gender.
    • GENDER SCHEMA ACQUIRED WITH GENDER IDENTITY
      • Gender identity develops around age of 2-3.
    • INGROUPS AND OUTGROUPS
      • Children pay more attention to information relevant to their gender identity rather than opposite sex - outgroup
        • Children tend to have a better understanding of the schemas that are appropriate to their own gender - ingroup

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