Theory: Functionalism

  • Created by: Anjalee
  • Created on: 10-06-13 11:15
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  • Fuctionalism
    • Macro, structural theory
    • Parsons: biological organism of the System, Needs and Functions
    • Central Value System = Social Order
    • Four Basic Needs: Adaptation, Integration, Goal Attainment and Latency
    • Traditional and Modern Society
    • Structural Differentiation (gradual process) and Dynamic Equilibrium (one change leads to another)
    • Criticisms:
      • Merton: 'functional alternatives' Assumes everything performs a positive function and society is well-integrated
      • Origin of family? Deviance is both good and bad Rejects conflict and change Wrong: Choice Assumes society is stable Society is fragmented
  • Theory


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