François Truffaut

François Truffaut and a brief summary of Le Dernier Métro and La Nouvelle Vague

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  • Created by: Rozzy B
  • Created on: 03-04-14 10:32
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  • François Truffaut
    • Early Life
      • Born out of wedlock: 6th February 1932
        • Never met his real father
        • He was brought up by his mother, Janine (who resented him)
        • He was also brought up by Janine's husband, Truffaut's adoptive father, Roland Truffaut
      • In a difficult and rebellious childhood, he sought escape in reading avidly and frequent trips to the cinema
      • He lived with his Grandmother until her death when Truffaut was 10
      • He was 8 when he saw his 1st film: "Paradis Perdu" by Abel Gance and his obsession began then.
      • He was expelled from several school (often for missing school to go to the cinema)
        • At 14 he decided to be self-taught and his aim was to watch 3 movies a day and read 3 books a week
      • at 16 he founded a cinema club
        • resulted in debt, trouble with the police, and alienation from his parents.
        • He met André Bazin who was a critic and the head of another film society at the time
    • Career
      • 1480 (aged 18) Truffaut joined the French army
        • he spent the next two years trying to escape
          • he was arrested for deserting and spent some time in a military prison in Germany
            • Bazin got Truffaut released and set him up with a job
      • he ban his career as a successful, if controversial,film critic for "Les Cahiers de cinéma"
        • Bazin got Truffaut released and set him up with a job
        • He condemned the old guard of French cinema and proposed a new vision, which he would later go on to produce with his friends Jean-Luc Godard, Claude Chabrol and others in "La Nouvelle Vague
      • after being a critic, he decided to make films of his own
        • 1955 he started with the short film "Une Visite" and followed it up in 1957 with "Les Mistons"
        • His first feature film was "Les Quatre Cent Coups" in 1959 which was an instant success.
        • His best film "Jules et Jim" was released in 1961"
        • in the mid 60s Truffaut's career slowed with the badly accepted "Fahrenheit 451" but it picked up with a string of successful films
          • "Baisers Volés"(68), "La sirène du Mississippi"(69), "L'enfant sauvage"(70), "Domicile Conjugal"(70), "
        • His later films of the 80s were generally less successful
          • But "Le Dernier Métro" (1980) was a huge success, it won 10 Césars and best foreign film at the Boston Society of Film Critics, and was nominated for an Oscar
            • Le Dernier Métro
              • Tale of the theatre Montmartre in Paris under the Occupation
                • Lucas Steiner, the director is a jew and so cannot direct anymore, he is supposed to have fled to South America but is actually hidden in the basement of the theatre
                  • Marion Steiner has to run the theatre and get ready for their new play "La Disparue"
                    • The attraction between Marion and one of the actors (Bernard) who is a member of the resistance, creates tension
              • A well spun romance
    • Le Dernier Métro
      • Tale of the theatre Montmartre in Paris under the Occupation
        • Lucas Steiner, the director is a jew and so cannot direct anymore, he is supposed to have fled to South America but is actually hidden in the basement of the theatre
          • Marion Steiner has to run the theatre and get ready for their new play "La Disparue"
            • The attraction between Marion and one of the actors (Bernard) who is a member of the resistance, creates tension
      • A well spun romance
    • La Nouvelle Vague
      • An informal movement by a group of film lovers who aimed to  apply new avant garde stylistic direction.
      • The low-budget approach helped filmmakers get at the essential art form & find what was a much more comfortable and contemporary form of production
      • Members
        • Claude Chabrol, Jean-Luc Godard, Jaques Rivette, Éric Rohmer, François Truffaut, etc.

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