- For Hume
- Hume's counterargument to criticisms would be that goals, purposes and rules are equally caused by previous desires.
- Our goals, our amenability to social rules and even our reasons are ultimately determined by our emotions and desires.
- You cannot rationally prove what people want, let alone what people should want.
- We might be able to calculate the means to an end, but the actual ends the choice of desires is for Hume a matter of emotion, part of the natural and regular pattern of cause and effect
- Whether I live for football, my children, God, this is not something I can rationally decide, but it is the expression of my deepest instincts and feelings and needs.