The Alps

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  • Fold Mountains - The Alps
    • Farming
      • Main activity.
      • Restricted because of the height and steepness of slopes.
      • Valley floor is ideal for farming.
        • Land is flatter.
        • Soils deeper and more fertile.
        • Shelter from the wind.
        • Better access and communications.
      • Most farming is done on the south facing slopes.
        • Warmer weather.
        • Drier conditions.
      • The main type of farming is dairy or sheep, cereals and hay are grown too, only in warmer flatter areas though.
      • Farmers use a method of farming called trashumance.
        • Seasonal movement of animals.
          • In the summer animals are taken up to high areas.
            • Untitled
          • In the winter they are kept on low grounds.
    • Forestry
      • This is a major industry within the Alps.
      • Coniferous trees are the main species of trees in the Alps.
        • Cover many slopes, paticularly the north facing ones.
        • The conicial shape help stabalize the tree in windy conditions.
        • The downward sloping shape helps the snow slide off during winter without damaging the branches.
        • Found were they have been purposly planted as crops.
      • Deforistation taking place in the Himalayas.
      • Provides timber for fuel and construction.
      • Used for production of pulp and paper.
    • Tourism
      • Fold muntains attract tourists.
      • Good communication roots.
      • Good proximity to roads, railroads and airports.
      • Its near too major parts of Europe for example Germany, France and Switzerland.
      • Climate is distinctive. Summer and Winter.
      • Summer
        • June to September.
        • Stay in houses, hotels and campsites.
        • Garda and Lucerne are very popular.
        • Walking, climbing, sailing, mountain biking and handgliding are popular activities.
      • Winter
        • Good snow fall but some sunny days for winter activities.
        • Sking, snow boarding and winter climbing are popular activities.
        • Val D'Lsere and Les Deux Alps are popular resorts.
    • HEP
      • Is electricity generated by hydro power.
        • Hydro power is the production of power through the use of gravitaitional force of flowing or falling water.
      • It is used because there are.
        • Steep slopes.
        • High precipitation.
        • Fast flowing rivers.
        • Narrow valleys to create reservoirs.
        • Many glacial lakes store water.
      • How it is used.
        • Industries that need cheap and plentifu electricity
          • Sawmills
          • Aluminium melting.
          • Electro-chemical power.
        • Exported to supply towns and cities in regions with power.
      • Advantages.
        • Doesn't produce air pollution.
        • Doesn't produce greenhouse gases.
        • Doesn't produce waste products.
        • Renewable source of energy production.
      • Disadvantages.
        • Floods.
          • Of valleys to create reservoirs.
          • People mat have to re-locate.
        • Controlling the rivers and creating dams can change and damage the river ecosystems.
    • Formation
      • Part of line of mountains.
        • Called Alpide Belt.
        • Goes through Southern Europe.
        • Goes through Asia.
        • All the way to Himalayas.
      • A fold mountain.
      • Formed over a long period of time.
        • Highest peak is Mont Blanc.
          • 4808 meters high.
      • Found in Europe near European countries.
        • France.
        • Germany.
      • Result of tectonic forces that caused the plates to shift their positions.
        • Still moving today.
          • Very slow speed around a millimetre a year.
        • Formed when the African and Eurasian plate collided.
          • Pushed on each other.
            • Pushed up rocks.
          • There were a lot of volcanoes and earthquakes when this happened.
      • Formed on a destructive/collision/compression plate boundary.

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