Five year plans

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  • First five year plan (1928-1932)
    • Aims
      • Increase production by 300%, develop heavy industry (coal, iron, steel, oil)
      • Boost electricity production by 600%
      • Double the output of light industry such as chemicles
    • Strengths
      • Electricity trebled, coal and iron doubled, new railways were built
      • Propaganda was a drive to gain enthusiasm, it was a success
    • Weaknesses
      • Targets for light industry were not met, food and house building were neglected, high quotas, too much enthusiasm. Smaller industries lost out
      • Extremly overambitious, none of the targets were actually met. The great depression meant that USSR couldn't export much
  • Second five year plan (consolidation plan) 1933-1937
    • Aims
      • Priority on heavy industry, increase coal, iron, steel and oil. Develop transportation links between cities
      • More focus on rearmament
    • Strengths
      • Heavy increased, Moscow metro was created, the Dam was also created. Electricity and chemical prod increased rapidly.
      • Coal increased from 36 mil tonnes to 130 mil tonnes, oil from 2 mil tonnes to 29 mil tonnes.
      • Second was a consolidation plan, they were known as the three good years. Pressure was not so intense. Food and rationing ended
        • Families had more disposable income.
    • Weaknesses
      • Oil production failed to meet its targets
      • Low rise in customer goods. Emphasis on quantity rather than quality
  • Third five year plan (1938-1941)
    • Aims
      • Focus on armament increased as a threat of invasion became real
      • More emphasis on heavy industry
    • Stengths
      • Strong growth in Machinery, growth in armament.
    • Weaknesses
      • Emphasis on rearmament meant that oil and steel failed to meet their targets
      • Many industries were short of raw material, lack of good managers


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