The Five-Year Plans

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What were the Five-Year Plans?

  • Stalin's means of industrialising Russia
  • They set targets for production and output across the whole of Soviet industry but did not explain how these were to be achieved
  • The plans were always declared complete a year ahead of schedule to show Soviet superiority over Western capitalist economies and to motivate the workforce

They were an attempt to establish a war economy

  • Russia needed to industrialise to protect socialism from hostile forces, both inside and outside of Russia
  • People who opposed the plans were enemies of socialism and failure to meet targets was a criminal offence



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