filter theory

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  • Filter theory
      • Compared attitudes and personalities of student couples in short term relatioships= below 18 months and above 18 months which is long term.
      • we have a field of availables, however these are not all desirable, so there are filters which narrow them down
    • Social demography
      • influencing  the partners the meeting of the partners. This includes proximity, social class, level of education, ethnic group. The key benefit of proximity is accessibility, means lack of energy is required
      • The out come of this is homogamy , we choose someone who is socially and culturally the same. You also have lots in common
    • similarity in attitudes
      • share  important beliefs and attitudes, very important in new relationships
      • in new relationships there is for each other to agree with basic attitudes, this encourages self disclosure
      • if they have little in common they will not get together
    • complementarity
      • in a relationship there are different personality traits which complement each other e.g traits that the other one lacks, e.g funny one and the one that laughs
      • this is more in the case of long term relationships
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    • has face validity as it predicts the key factors in a relationship change over time
    • winch found evidence that similar personalities, interests and attitudes between partners are typical at the early stage of a relationship
    • many studies failed to replicate original findings, this is due to social changes over time. Also the cut off is predicted that  the long term relationdhipd are more committed when they hit 18 months. This highlights the problems of applying this to individualist cultures , never mind homosexuals
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