Fault Essay Plan Mindmap

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  • Created by: _laurenb
  • Created on: 21-06-16 23:49
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  • Fault
    • Is Fault the Basis of Liability in the ELS?
      • Civil Law
        • Neighbour Principle - duty of care owed and breached - from Donoghue V Stevenson
        • Use of res ipsa loquiter
      • Criminal Law
        • Voluntary actus reus
          • Omissions
            • PITTWOOD
          • Causation
            • Factual causation WHITE
            • Legal Causation
              • Intervening act JORDAN
          • HILL V BAXTER
        • Mens rea
          • Direct intent
          • Oblique intent WOOLIN
          • Subjective recklessness CUNNINGHAM
            • Murder VICKERS
              • Reduction to voluntary manslaughter
              • Voluntary actus reus
                • Omissions
                  • PITTWOOD
                • Causation
                  • Factual causation WHITE
                  • Legal Causation
                    • Intervening act JORDAN
                • HILL V BAXTER
        • Hierarchy of Offences
          • Range of Sentences
          • Trial by judge and jury
            • Range of Sentences
          • MILLER - ABH V SMITH - GBH
        • Trial by judge and jury
          • Defences
            • Automatism - an act done by the muscles without the control or consciousness of D - BRATTY
              • 'a total destruction of control' - A-G'S REFERENCE
              • Applied to HARDIE = acquittal
          • Strict Liability Offences
            • SHAH V HARROW LBC
      • Should Fault be the Basis of Legal Liability in the ELS?
        • Subjective measurement = inconsistency
        • Protection of public
        • Quicker, easier convictions, using less court time
        • Guilty pleas more likely as the actus reus is always evident
        • Unfair to find a defendant at fault without necessary mens rea
          • Intoxication used to prove to mens rea - SHEHAAN AND MOORE
          • Guilty verdict for innocent defendants - destroys work and home life
        • Prevents regulatory offences e.g. driving offences
          • Do minor offences really need proof fo mens era?
        • ELS aims to guide conduct - no conduct to guide if fault cannot be proven
          • ELS not achieving aims? No one will abide! Public disintegration!
        • Allows Art.6 of Human Rights Act 1998 to be fulfilled - innocent until proven guilty. gives proof of guilt

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