Family And Households - Couples

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  • Couples
    • Joint and Segregated roles, Bott recognised two types of roles: Segregated roles when the husband is the breadwinner and wive is the homemaker, or the  joint conjugal role were the couple share tasks such as childcare and housework.
    • Parsons identified the instrumental role which is the breadwinner done by the husband, and the expressive role, the homemaker done by the wife.
      • However young and Willmott argue that men are now taking a greater share in domestic tasks. Feminists sociologists argue that the division of labour only benefits men.
    • Young and Wilmott take a march of progress view as they see family life as gradually improving for everyone. As women  now go out to work, Men help out with domestic tasks and more coples have joint conjugal roles.
      • Oakley critises tis view as she says there vies of the symmetrical family are just exagerated. As helping out once a week in domestic tasks hardly made it symmetrical.
        • In her studies she found that men mainly helped out in childcare rather thandomestic tasks but she claims this is just being a good father and has nothing to do with housework.
    • Oakley arguse that the housewife role has gradually become the more dominant role for married women.
      • Gershuny critisised this as he said that women in paid work led to a more equal family life. In his studies he found that wives who didnt work did 88% of housework but the longer the wife had been in paid work the less domestic woek he was likely to have done.
    • Silver and Shcor argue that housework has become commercialised and now is much easiae, as they say the goods that wives had to produce now can be bought instaed and meals are also much easier with freezers and fast food etc.
    • Ferri and Smith say that although women are now in paid work men are still taking advantage as, women have a "dual burden" were they have to be in paid work as well as do domestic work as well and men just take advantage of this.
    • Hochschild recognised emotion work were women are more likely than men to be working in a job that invovles emotional labour
      • Marsden and Duncombe said that not only are women expected to do paid work, domestic tasks but also emotion work which they said was a triple shift.


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