sociology families

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  • families
    • A couple whose relationship is based on marriage, civil partnership or cohabitation with or without dependent children, or a lone parent and their child or children
    • household- a hosuehold consists of either on person who live alone or a group of people who live at the same address and who share at least on meal a day e.g. a household could consist of living alone
    • nuclear family- consist of a father,mother and their child or children. it a two generation who live in the same house
    • lone-parent family- a lone- parent family consists of one parent and there child or children who live together
    • gay and lesbian family- same sex couple who live with there child or children
    • extended families- their a classic extended family contains three generations who live together under the same roof or who live nearby
  • function of the family
    • econonic provision
      • the nuclear family provides financial support e.g. food and shelter. Family life can lead to stress, frustration and mental health problems
    • reproduction
      • society needs new members to survive over time. the nuclear family has an important role in this though procreation and child bearing
    • primary socialization
      • society needs a way of ensuring that, new members support its norms and values. primary sociliztion
        • process we become familiar with the culture and way of life of society we are both into the family acts as agency of social control. the effects of not going though the process of primary socialisation can be seen in case studies of feral children such as the wolf children
    • emotional support
      • the nuclear family provides us with emotional and psychological support and comfort place of safety and security and provides for our wellbeing
  • types of feminist
    • Marxist feminism- class in equality are the cause of patriarchy. when class in equality is ended there will be no more patriarchy
    • Radical feminism- society must be equal women must be seem as equals to men and not inferior. patriarchy must cease to exist
    • Liberal feminism- They want a fairer society where men and women are treated fairly in the eyes of the law
  • forms of social stratifiction
    • age,class,gender, ethnicity, sexuality
  • gender roles in family
    • before 70's(men) - men worked, mean did they DIY and read the paper
      • woman in the 70's - women looked after the children they did not work and they did the cleaning, cooking and washing
        • both in the 70's- housewife a patriarchy separate roles
    • after the 70's (men)- men buying things for themselves,DIY,gradening, they also had control over the money, spent more time at home
      • women looking after the children, clearing, they stated working worried about relationships
        • both- children centred home original.research 1950's will young, equal power, cooking and cleaning
  • after the 70's (men)- men buying things for themselves,DIY,gradening, they also had control over the money, spent more time at home
    • women looking after the children, clearing, they stated working worried about relationships
      • both- children centred home original.research 1950's will young, equal power, cooking and cleaning
  • male-breadwinner women-housewife
    • segregated conjugal roles- husbands and wife have different tasks and separated interests
      • power struggle- unequal power man has control of money/ Feminists say women and children suffer from this patriarchal dominance
    • conjugal roles- domestic roles of married or cohabiting partners
  • Dual burden
    • women are more involved in full time work but still expected to begin charge of the housework. men don't take an 'equal' share in the housework but help when it is convenient
  • triple shift
    • most women have 3 main roles: housework, full time work, emotion work
      • they are mostly responsible for making sure everyone is happy/ resolving arguments/ holding  relationships together.
  • power and money in marriage.
    • young and willmott identified the growth of a financial partnership between husband and wife. decision making including financial. some feminist argue that family life is still patriarchal and that family life is basted on male power and dominance over women
      • when jan pahl carried out her study of power and money in marriages she found that husband were more dominant in decision making, and so can be seen to be wielding more power in the marriage. pahl argues that couples share decision making more then they did in the past but there are still many marriages where the men control the finances and the womens access to money is limited and that women and children can line in poverty
  • feminist perspective- oakly argues that men only have to do a few takes around the house to qualify as having joint roles
    • oakly research found that it was rare for men to do a lot of housework she also saw how 10 minutes washing up for a man was equivalent to an 1 hour of hoovering for a women
  • arranged marriage- families choose partner, both parties consent, like your partners being your dating app and they have to be worthey
    • forced marriage- there forced or bullied to marry, one or both do not consent, consent extracted under duress e.g. physical and emotional, is not acceptable in islamic law, 400 cases a year, 1000 unreported, 70% of marriages to foreign spouse are forced, they are being duped(bring tricked)
  • power and money in marriage- young and willmatt identified that growth of a financial partnership between husband and wife, decision making including financial detivity. some feminist argue that family life is basted on male power and dominance over women
    • when jan pahl carried out  her study of power and money in marriages she found that men were more dominant in decision making and so van be seen to be wielding more power in the marriage. Pahl argues that couples share decision making more then they did in the past but there are still many marriages where the man controls the finances and the women access to money is limited and that women and children can line in poverty
  • power and domestic violence within families- domestic violence if form of power and control which one family member attempts to dominate other violence by men against the women this also includes physical and sexual  abuse of children
    • victim surveys show domestic violence is often not reported to the police, male victims, report that their female partners have been violent. victims not report domestic violence they say it private matters and the police cant do anything about it
      • violence within the homes show that families are not nesessarily safe havens for the families approaches argue family life done not always contribute to members well being domestic violence among married can be seen a form of control which one partner, often the male attempts to dominate others
  • parent-child relationships in the past- more boys then girls ages 10-14 were employed in paid work the employed as cotton mill workers, spinners and weavers. there was range of jobs more for boys then girls.in 1851 36.6 per cent of boys and 19.9 percent of girls aged 10-14 worked, by 1911 these figures stood at 18.3 per cent for boys and 10.4 per cent for girls. girls were getting unpaid work at home e.g. housework and childminding
    • parents seem to have viewed education as a barrier to their children's paid employment. many sent their children to work soon as they could and relied to child income
      • all children have attend school age of 14 young and willmatt argued only then did childhood come to be officially as separate stage in human life
  • contemporary parent- children relationship- sociologist argue that relationships between parents and children are becoming less authoritarian. child are regarded as important members of the family household. they listed to and their views on family issues child have rights and are able to decision to do with parental separation and divorce
    • pryor and trinde(2004) class differences in relationships between parents and children. middle-class families more likely to have democrat involved in decision making within the family. parents and children, more children centred on that they focus on the interests and needs, children are more likely to have more attention from their parents
  • the causes of children centredness- the symmetrical family a family from in which spouses carry out different tasks but each makes a similar contribution within home, the roles of the men and women are the women will do the housework and childcare while the men spending and amount of time on DIY, family members also spend much of their leisure time together
    • since the 1960's there has had an impact on gender roles feminists fought equal rights for men and women, for example in work and in education, feminism has influenced many women which has lead to them rejecting an housewife. contraception have meant that women have fewer children. so women can combine motherhood with paid employment and a career.
      • as an result in a paid employment, many women are independent and have more freedom and have more freedom, there has been a increase in home life for example in DIY as a result men are now more likely to spend time with the family, (2008) there are more paid women today. crompton and iyonette argues that men's involvement in household bus is not increased as a women in a paid job. they also argue the gap between men and women is domestic labour narrowed between the 1960's and 1980's when women spent less time at home
        • crompton anfd lyonette accept gender roles have changed a lot since the late 1980's

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