Factors affecting Eyewitness testimony

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  • Factors Affecting Eyewitness Testimony
    • Age
      • Gordon et al (2001)
        • Children recall well but fall for leading questions more
      • Flin et al (1992)
        • 80% of old people missed out key details in staged event
      • Parker & Carranza (1989)
        • Children more willing to point out suspects
          • But more likely to be wrong
    • Anxiety
      • Loftus (1979) - Weapons effect
      • Maass and Kohnen (1989)
        • Pen Vs. Syringe
      • Christianson and Hubinette (1993)
        • Direct victims vs bystanders
    • Consequentiality
      • Foster et al (1994)
        • PP's gave more accurate results when they believed their answer would have an effect
    • Misleading Information
      • Loftus and Palmer (1975)
        • A vs. The
      • Loftus (1974)
        • Asked about barn in clip. 17% reported barn
          • There was no barn
      • Loftus and Palmer (1974)
        • Crashed Vs. Hit

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