Examples of state crimes

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  • Created by: khhmc98
  • Created on: 10-03-16 20:45
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  • Examples of state crimes
    • Torture & illegal treatment or punishment of citizens
      • systematic torture, disappearances and mass murder of 1000s of political opponents of the Gaddafi regime in Libya
        • overthrown 2011
      • the Pol Pot-led Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia in 1975-9, when an estimated 1.5-3m ppl (1/5 to a 1/4 of the c's total pop) died through the combined effects of forced labour, malnutrition, poor medical care, and executions of those regarded as 'enemies' and 'traitors'
      • the UK was found guilty in the 1970s of using 'white noise' to torture IRA suspects, and by 2012 the UK Ministry of Defence had paid out £14m in compensation & costs to 100s of Iraqis who complained that they were illegally detained & tortured by GB forces following the invasion of Iraq in 2003.
      • The US still holds prisoners at the US Guantanamo Bay naval base in Cuba who have been subjected to torture, and have not been charged with any offence or given a trial.
    • Corruption
      • organised plunder of national resources by a ruling elite e.g. the former Egyptian dictator Mubarak, overthrown in 2011, who was allegedly worth around $70 billion, embezzled from Egyptian state coffers.
    • Assassination or 'targeted killing'
      • used as instruments of state power
      • Mahmoud al-Mabhouh, the Palestinian Hamas commander, at the top of an Israeli hit list, was killed in a hotel in Dubai in 2010.
      • the Russian state is widely believed to be behind the 2006 murder by radiation poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko in London.
    • War crimes
      • illegal acts committed during wars, like the murder, ill-treatment, torture or deliberate targeting or enslavement of civilian pops or pow's, and the plundering/ looting of property.
        • Israel has been condemned for the deliberate targeting of civilian pops in the Israel-Palestine conflict.
        • Former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic was brought to trial  for war crimes, inc'ing the forced deportation & murder of 1000s of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo, and of non-Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia in 1998-9.
    • Genocide
      • This involves the attempted elimination by mass murder of ppl belonging to a partic ethnic, national or religious grp, & is normally carried out by state action  or w its support.
        • Hitler's Nazi regime murdered 6 m Jews between 1933&1945
        • in Sudan's Darfur region, an estimated 300,000 died between 2003 and 2009, w m's forced into refugee camps.
        • Rwanda genocide of 1994- an estimated 500,000-1m ppl from the Tutsi min were killed by the maj Hutu ppl in a period of around 100 days.
    • state-sponsored terrorism-state itself carries out terrorist acts or supports others that do.
      • Iran has been accused of backing Shia militias in Iraq, and the US has a long history of supporting illegal rebel grps against elected regimes it regards as unfriendly, partic'ly in Central and South America
      • The De Silva report in 2012 into the murder of a Belfast lawyer in 1989 concluded that agents of the GB state were involved in carrying out serious violations of human rights up to and inc'ing murder, in what GB prime minister David Cameron described as 'shocking levels of state collusion' between the army, police and terrorists.

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