Evil and Suffering overview

  • Created by: OllyB18
  • Created on: 05-04-21 17:14
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  • Evil and Suffering
    • Moral Evil
      • Result of human action which is morally wrong
        • E.g holocaust, afghan war, 9/11
    • Natural Evil
      • The apparent malfunction of the world (evils not caused by human action)
        • E.g Disease, Famine, natural disasters
    • The logical problem of evil
      • The inconsistent triad: God is omnipotent, omnibenevolent, yet evil still exists
        • Solutions
          • 1.Denying God’s omnipotence:  If God is not omnipotent, he is not able to control evil so cannot be blamed. This is the solution of Process Theology - evil is a process within matter that is beyond God’s direct control. The problem is a God who is not omnipotent would not be worthy of worship.
          • 2. Denying Gods omnibenevolence- it is no more possible to show he is omnibenevolent
          • 3.Denying that evil exists: . Augustine of Hippo (354-430CE). He argued evil is ‘privatio boni’ - a privation of good. Evil does not exist in its own right but is the absence of good, just as darkness is the absence of light.
    • Evidential problem of evil
      • Evil is in overwhelming quantity- its pointless and holds no purpose
    • Solutions that gives evidence to why God allows it
      • Free Will defence
        • God has to allow evil in order to preserve free will. The good has to be freely chosen. To bring about the best goods of love we have to be free to choose the vices of hatred. Humans are morally responsible for moral evil and God is not.
      • Hicks eschatological solution
        • God has all the time to bring people to freely love God so in the end everybody will reach God’s Kingdom; evil is necessary in order to become fit for heaven.
      • Griffins process theology: God is to the universe what the mind is to the body
      • Hicks soul making theodicy
        • God allows evil and suffering in the world in order to develop humans into virtuous creatures capable of following his will.


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