English Language Change - Late Modern English

English Language - Late Modern English from 1700's to present day

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  • Created by: Jessica
  • Created on: 08-04-14 14:21
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  • English - Late Modern English
    • Vocabulary
      • Expansion of British Empire - new words from countries under British rule, e.g. India
        • Bangle (1787)
        • Dinghy (1810)
        • Thug (1810)
      • Advances in science and medicine
        • Centigrade (1812)
        • Biology (1819)
        • Antibiotic (1894)
        • Laryngitis (1822)
      • New inventions
        • Typewriter (1868)
        • Motor Car (1895)
        • Radio (1907)
        • Video Game (1973)
        • Podcasting (2008)
      • International conflict and war
        • Blight (1914-18)
        • Blitz (1939)
        • Kamikaze (1945)
      • Social, cultural and political developments
        • Hippie (1965)
        • Airhead (1972)
        • Grunge (1980's)
        • Credit Crunch (2000's)
    • Accents and Dialect
      • Improved communication and increased mobility meant people were exposed to a wide range of accents and dialect
        • Communication
          • Technologies affected pronunciation e.g. Estuary English that originated in South East London is spreading because of TV
          • Inventions such as the telephone meant people can communicate all around the world easily
        • Mobility
          • Inventions such as the railway and cars mean people travel more, so regional dialects aren't as self-contained and diluted
          • Very strong accents have gotten softer, people from different regions can understand each other better
          • International travel has affected English, non-native speakers use Standard English to communicate
    • Dictionaries
      • Samuel Johnson's 'A Dictionary of the English Language' (1755) contained about 40,000 words
      • Aimed to "tame the out of control language"
      • It helped to standardise spelling and meaning, used as a standard reference
    • Grammatical Change
      • Syntax has become less complex
      • Modern writers avoid long sentences with multiple subordinate clauses
    • 18th Century Proscriptives
      • Rules on how people shouldn't use language, invented by Robert Lowth (an 18th Century Grammarian), e.g. sentences shouldn't end with a preposition
    • Grammar Books
      • Invented in the 16th Century but only became popular in the 18th Century, e.g. the difference between 'who' and 'whom'
    • Prescriptivism - the attitude towards language that assumes there are a correct set of linguistical rules
    • 1870 - Education introduced for all children
    • 1922 - BBC was born, used 'SE' for all broadcasting
    • 1960's - First home computers were marketed with spellcheckers and grammar checkers to reinforce spelling and written skills. Computer age led to another avalanche of new words
    • 1980's - National Curriculum demanded standard English and spelling skills for GCSE grade C


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