Language change

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  • Language Change
    • Grammatical Change
      • Function of words - nouns e.g. facebook, text are now verbs due to new technology
      • adjectives used instead of adverbs
      • standard english - adverbs used with past participles
      • early 18th centuray - contractions very common in written and spoken english e.g. she'll
      • past participles - contracted to show final syllable wasnt said e.g. defer'd
      • Word order - verb+subject+ object in early modern english (1500-1700)
      • auxillary verbs like 'do' used start of question now late modern english (1700)
      • since 1700, sentences shorter, syntax less complicated, simplier puctuation - less formal (fewer commas and semicolans)
      • Capitalised nouns frequently until 18th centuary
      • Comapritive and Superlative adjectives inflections exist late modern english and now
    • Phonological Change
      • 1400-1600 - long vowels of middle english changes - great vowel shift
      • consonats have changed- 19th centuary 'ing' used my middle and upper class
      • social factors affect speech- change context or people talking to
      • RP - standard english - associated with queen english - prestige - well educated
      • Estuary English - cockeney accent - seen commercially - influcence by media causing quite commen, copying radio or TV presenters
      • Present day english - schwa - generic vowel sound we use instead of fully pronoucing vowel - everyday speech


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