Energy issue in Mali

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  • Energy Issues in Mali
    • FACTS:
      • West Africa
      • Extremely Poor
      • 65% Desert
      • Growing pop of 12 million
      • Most people rely on agriculture for their livlihood
    • Energy in Mali is a big issue...
      • No fossil fuel resources of its own
      • Has to be imported from neighbouring countries - increasing costs
      • In rural areas energy needs are met by firewood and carcoal
        • 50 million tonnes of forest reserves every year are used
          • Wood cutting provides the only source of employment for many rural people
          • If nothing is done, the demand for wood will be greater than supply - deforestation
      • Rural areas have little to no electricity - less than 1% of rural pop
        • Lamps & Torches are used for lighting
        • Small minority have solar panels
    • The lack of access to energy supply has big impacts on the quality of life in general...
      • Rural health centres need electricity, would help life expectancy and infant mortality
      • Electricity in schools will help improve classes (internet access) and also lighting will allow adult evening classes
      • Lack of electricity hinders the development of income generating activities
    • Renewable Possibilities
      • In 1990 gov formulated a 'National Domestic Energy Strategy'
        • Its stress on renewable energy gained international baking
      • Massive Solar potential (6-7 hours of sunlight a day)
        • Mali Folke Centre (MFC) installed solar panels of the roofs of 30 schools
      • MFC helped develop plantations of jatrophia
        • To help stabilise areas close to desertificaiton
      • In 2004, law was passed to protect forest species against excessive cutting
        • Also the gov has suspended the export of wood obtained from living trees since 2004

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