End of the Cold War

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  • End of the Cold War
    • Gorbachev
      • Leader in March 1985
      • Reforms
        • Glasnost= openness in government (allow criticism)
        • Perestroika= changing economic policies, allowing competition
        • More freedom he gave- more people demanded
      • Sinatra Doctrine 1989
        • Rejected Brezhnev doctrine
        • Allowed Warsaw Pact countries to make changes
    • Arms race
      • USSR economic problems
        • Couldn't keep spending on defence
      • SDI- USA superiority
      • START 1990
        • reduced to 1600 delivery vehicles
        • 600 warheads
        • 4900 ballistic missiles
      • INF treaty 1987
        • removed medium range weapons from Europe
        • Increase popularity in the west
        • Allow economic recovery

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