Elizabeth I - Rebellions

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  • Elizabeth I - Rebellions
    • The Northern Rising 1569
      • 4,500-6,000 supporters.
      • Led by Northern Nobility against modernization in Government and faction against William Cecil.
      • Background: Council of the North was under jurisdiction of the President of the Council. This position was given to the Earl of Sussex, a southerner; post of Bishop of Durham was given to a radical reformer (James Pilkington).
      • Leaders: Earl of Northumberlad; Earl of Westmorland; Leonard Dacre.
      • Causes
        • Court Rivalry and Faction e.g. Ridolfi Plot 1571.
        • Religion: North was still very Catholic.
        • Local Factors.
        • Feudal Loyalties: Loyalty to Percy's and Neville's.
      • Failed because: lack of clear motives; lack of effective leadership; no support from key nobles; did not capture York; went against 20,000 royal troops; MQoS removed to safety.
    • Essex Rebellion 1601
      • Leader: Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex.
      • Causes
        • Factional Rivalry: was E's favorite but was arrogant.
        • Failure in Ireland: 1599 - charged with treason having failed to follow E's orders when leading a campaign against the Irish Rebels.
        • Loss of Monopoly and favor: E denied Essex of his positions and refused a renewal of his wine monopoly, losing him aprox. £50,000.
        • Competition between Councillors: Essex blamed Cecil for his position and met with James VI of Scotland to plot a coup and replace Cecil.
      • Plan: secure the Palace of Whitehall, storm the Tower of London and Purge the Privy Council of Cecil and his followers.
      • Cecil heard of plans, leading to Essex planning to lead a demonstration in London, however Essex only gathered 300 supporters and the supporters were summoned to court by Elizabeth.
      • Essex and his five key associates were executed.

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