Effects of Institutionaisation - Research

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  • Effects of Institutionalisation - Reseacrh
    • Rutter et al
      • Aim: Effects on later attachments and social/emotional development
      • Procedure
        • Longitudinal study
          • Assessing at 4, 6, 11 yrs old
        • Whether they were adopted before or after 6 months pf age
        • 100 Romanian orphans
      • Findings:
        • Those adopted before six months had normal attachments and development within the home
        • Those adopted after 6 months had disinhibited attachments + issues with development caused trouble with peers
      • Evaluation Points
        • Longitudinal - prevented individual differences between Pps assessing same children over time
        • Natural Experiment - needed because otherwise unethical but means lack of control
          • Uses opportunity sampling so Pps may not be representative of how care would affect all people
      • Conclusion: Long-term affects are less severe as once thought and can be reversed if attachments form before six months
    • Hodges + Tizard
      • Aim: Affect of privation on later attachments and social/emotional development
      • Procedure
        • Longitudinal
          • Assessed up until the age of 16
        • Whether adopted or restored to original family
        • Children from orphanages
      • Findings
        • Adopted children formed normal attachments within the home
          • Put more effort in as had to be chosen and assessed by agency
        • Only 50% of restored children formed normal attachments by 16, those who did a lot slower than adopted kids
          • May resent parents for placing them in care
          • Likely dis-functional to have placed child in orphanage
        • Both groups had trouble with peer relationships out of the home
          • Other children less understanding and meaner
      • Conclusion: Institutions prevent the formation of attachments and can have irreversible effects
      • Evaluation points
        • Longitudinal - prevented individual differences between Pps assessing same children over time
        • Attrition - In this study, over time 9 Pps either dropped out or lost contact with. Makes past results unusable so smaller sample makes results less reliable and representative

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