B1- Eating Healthily

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  • Eating Healthily
    • A balanced diet supplies all the essential  nutrients
      • Carbohydrates- Stored in the liver as glycogen or converted to fats, provide energy.
      • Fats- Provide energy, insulation & act as an energy store.
      • Proteins- Made up of amino acids, needed for growth and repair of tissue.
      • Vitamins & minerals- Vitamin C prevents scurvy, and iron is needed to make haemoglobin.
      • Water- Prevents dehydration.
    • Energy and nutrient needs vary between people
      • Age- Children & teenagers need more protein for growth whereas older people need more calcium to protect against degenerative bone diseases.
      • Gender- Females need more iron to replace the iron lost in menstrual blood.
      • Physical activity- Active people need more protein for muscle development and more carbohydrates for energy.
    • Some people choose to eat a different diet
      • Religion- Think certain animals are sacred and therefore don't eat them.
      • Personal- Some people choose to be vegetarian or vegan for various reasons.
      • Medical- Some people are intolerant or allergic to certain foods.


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