Domestic Division of Labour

  • Created by: ash8642
  • Created on: 12-04-19 11:57
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  • Domestic Division of Labour
    • Pre-Industrial Times
      • Household tasks not clearly distinguished from general economic tasks
      • Pahl 1948
    • Industrial Revolution
      • Men become increasingly identified with the public world of production and wage labour
      • Women confined to private sphere of consumption and the home
    • Parsons 1955
      • Traditional heterosexual nuclear family works like a mini society
      • Male instrumental role
      • Female expressive role
      • Provides 'correct' primary socialisation
      • Stabilization of adult personalities
        • Warm Bath theory
        • Men support financially and discipline children (+wife)
        • Wife provides emotional support
    • Willmott and Young
      • Longitudinal study in 1950s + 1970s
      • Rise of symmetrical family
      • March of Progress view
      • Domestic roles are more equal
      • Women are working, and leisure time spent together
    • Oakley 1974
      • 'The Sociology of Housework'
      • Families are not symmetrical
        • No March of Progress
      • 25% of fathers show high levels of participation in childcare
        • Only more pleasurable activities
      • Men seen as 'helping' with the housework
        • McVeigh (2012): 8/10 women do more household chores than their partner
        • ONS: women spend on average 2.5 hours a day on housework, men spend 1 hour
    • British Social Attitudes Survey (2013)
      • Attitudes towards gender equality have changed
      • Practice is still very traditional
      • 1984: 43% agreed 'a man's job is to earn money; a woman's job is to look after the home and family'
        • 13% now take this view
      • 1989: 64% think a mother should stay at home
        • 2012: 33% now have this view
      • 60% of women report doing more than their fair share of household work
        • Compared to 10% of men
    • Other Policies That Give Women Greater Freedom
      • 1948 Welfare State
      • 1969 Divorce Reform Act
      • Giddens
      • Stacey
      • Beck
      • Weeks

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