Demographic Transition Model

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  • Created by: 10ruddl
  • Created on: 10-06-14 18:06
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  • Demographic Transition Model
    • Stage One-High Fluctuating
      • Population level-stable or slowly increasing
      • Baka Tribe-Congo
      • Birth and death rates high
        • Due to the need for children to work and a lack of birth control for the high birth rate
        • Lack of healthcare and agriculture for the high death rates
    • Stage Two-Early Expanding
      • Birth rate high, death rate falling rapidly
        • Birth rate mainly caused by a lack of contraception and the need for children to work in either primary or secondary industry to bring in money for the family
        • Death rate caused by better healthcare and sanitation in developing countries
      • Afghanistan
        • Now has a vaccination system to prevent outbreaks of disease
      • Population rapidly growing
    • Stage Three-Late Expanding
      • Birth rate falling due to emancipation of women, education, urbanisation etc.
        • Falling birth rate caused by Education Acts which mean that children have to be educated, and therefore it is cost prohibitive to have many
        • Emancipation of women means that they are more likely to go out to work rather than stay home, therefore have to pay childcare costs
          • Very expensive-won't have a lot of kids
      • Population still growing, but not as quickly.
      • Brazil
    • Stage Four-Low Stationary
      • Birth and death rates stationary
        • Death rate fluctuates generally due to disease and the ageing populations in this stage
        • Birth rate-occasional recession or baby boom increasing it, or a war decreasing it
      • Population level steady
      • USA
    • Stage Five-Decline
      • Death rate is more than the birth rate
      • Population level slowly falling
      • Germany, Japan
      • This can have awful economic effects on the younger generations, who have to support an elderly population which greatly outnumbers them, meaning that more money has to be spent on pensions.

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