Crime and Mental Illness

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 07-01-13 10:39
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  • Crime and the Mentally Ill
    • The M'Naghten Rules
      • Protection of mentally ill offenders
      • The M'Naghten Case in 1843
        • Daniel M'Naghten
        • Thought the Prime Minister, Sir Robert Peel was going to kill him.
        • Attempted to shoot Peel but killed his secretary Edward Drummond
        • Medical experts testified that M'Naghten was psychotic,
        • M'Naghten was found not guilty by reason of insanity.
      • Rules regarding criminal responsibility
        • Not guilty by reason of insanity if, at the time of the alleged criminal act
          • The defendant was so deranged that she did not know the nature or quality of her actions
          • If she knew the nature and quality of her actions, she was so deranged that she did not know that what she was doing was wrong
    • Overrepresentation in the CJS
      • No Inherent Association
        • Causal link between mental illness and incarceration
          • Closure of community based services in 1960s
            • Method of control?
      • 50% of men and 30% of women in prison warrant a referral for severe depression
    • Theories
      • Kiesler and Sibulking (1987) - Revolving Door Phenomenon
        • Short term readmissions to psychiatric units
        • Mainly young adults
        • With chrnoic psychiatric disorders
    • Types of mental illness
      • Paranoid
      • Schizoid
      • Schizotypal
      • Antisocial
      • Borderline
      • Histronic
      • Narcissitic
      • Avoidant
      • Dependent
      • Obsessive-compulsive
    • The role of hormones
      • Androgens - linked to female criminality (PMS)
      • Insluin - hypoglycemia - increased chance of criminal acts
      • Oestrogens
      • Adrenaline and noradrenaline
    • Main illnesses
      • Schizophrenia
        • A group of psychiatric disorders
        • Characteristics
          • Gross distortions of reality
          • Withdrawal from social relationships
          • Disordganisation and framantation of thoughts
        • Links with genetics, biochemical and psychosocial factors
      • Psychopathy
        • Multiaxail including:
          • Mental disorders
          • Physical disorders
          • Psychosexual stressors
          • Affects levels of functioning
        • Hare (1996) Classification
          • Primary
          • Secondary
          • Dyssocial
        • Prevalence
          • 1% of the general population
          • 15-25% of the prison population
        • Characteristics
          • Cold-blooded
          • Sadistic
          • Vindictive
          • In control of emotions when committing crime
      • Psychopathology
        • Measured using an electroencephalogram
          • Brainwave changes in the cerebral cotrtex
          • Four frequency bands
            • Delta (0.5-4Hz) – The Deep Sleep Wave
            • Beta (14-40Hz) – The Waking Consciousness And Reasoning Wave
            • Alpha (7.5-14Hz) – The Deep Relaxation Wave
              • Slow
            • Theta (4-7.5Hz) – The Light Meditation And Sleeping Wave
              • Excess
          • No conclusive evidence
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