crime and deviance mindmap

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  • Crime and Deviance
    • Socially defined
      • crime involves legally defined behaviour, deviance is socially defined.
      • Historical evidence - suggests that what Is considered deviant can change over time.
      • Cross-cultural evidence suggests that what is seen as deviant can vary between cultures.
    • crime
      • Illegal act that is punishable by law e.g. robbery, fraud. Could be arrested, charged and prosecuted. If they are guilty- community order, fine or imprisonment.
    • Deviance
      • Refers to behaviour that does not conform to a society's norms or social rules e.g. talking loudly in a library.
      • Legal Deviance- behaviour seen as abnormal by most people in society but it does not break the law.
    • Formal and informal social control
      • Formal social control
        • based on formal written rules set out in laws or in codes of conduct such as school rules.
      • Informal social control
        • based on unwritten or 'taken-for-granted' rules and is enforced through social pressure from groups such as families, friends or peers.
      • Agencies of formal social control
        • Bodies that make up formal written rules, enforce them or punish people who break them.
    • Explaining crime and deviance
      • Inadequate socialization within families- one explanation for some young people's involvement in crime and deviance . Highlights the negative influence of home environment. New right approaches argue that children whose parents fail to take responsibility for socialising them correctly are more prone to crime.
      • Sub-cultural theories- explain crime and deviance terms of the values of a particular subculture and the influence of the peer groups.
      • Relative deprivation-
      • Marxist explanations
      • Labelling theories - explores why and how some people e.g. working class boys get labelled as deviant or criminal.
  • crime
    • Illegal act that is punishable by law e.g. robbery, fraud. Could be arrested, charged and prosecuted. If they are guilty- community order, fine or imprisonment.

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