Crime and Punishment Condesenced

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  • Crime and Punishment C1 and 4
    • Romans
      • Patriarchal Society
        • Inequality
          • Roman citizens to those who weren't, slaves and freemen, men and women
            • All would receive harsher punishments
      • Hierarchical-
      • Main Types of crime
        • Theft, Murder, Robbery, rebellion, religious non-conformity
          • All resulted in death, usually by hanging
            • Hope to reduce crime rates, was used as a warning to others
      • Centralised and common law system
        • No police force
          • Meant people broke the law
            • Many people were poor and committed theft to survive
              • All resulted in death, usually by hanging
                • Hope to reduce crime rates, was used as a warning to others
        • Government did little to solve problems
        • Provincial governor dealt with importnt cases, magistrates dealt with minor caused
    • Anglo-Saxons
      • Law and Order System Collapsed
        • Systems were more basic,local and small
        • Sane and Viking in North and East of England made own laws
        • Family ties
          • Violence and feuds were long running
            • Impacted  Crime and Punishment
        • Unwritten laws
          • King had overall power, ensured kinfg's peace was kept
      • Tithings set up, men and to belong to them
        • System of responsibility and loyalty
          • Flue and cry was to alert crime
      • Church Influence
        • Repent
        • Church was linked to all crimes, God was the judge
        • Anglo-Sexon punishments weren't as harsh, fines more common, offical religion was christianity
    • Normans
      • Less harsh punishments
        • Humiliation instead of death
        • Acceptance ensured
      • King and church roles/power increased
        • Religion was more important
          • New crime of monks and nums have sexual relationships
          • God was the judge, show giult through combat
            • Trail and Ordeal
              • Tithing's continued, still no police force
        • Royal authority extended
          • New crime of rebellion
    • Middle Ages
      • Law enforcement after 1154
        • Reduced church privileges and rights
          • Every county had own prison, this is were accused people were held
            • Powerful Sheriffs enforced king's law
              • Henry II set up king's court to deal with serious cases
                • Travelling justice in 6 eyre
                  • Juries decides guilt or innocence of accused people
      • Developments after Henry II
        • King Richard introduced coroner to deal with suspicious deaths
          • 1361 quarter sessions were held, took over other courts
            • Petty juries increased, trial by jury decided guilt
              • 1285, Edward I passed posse commitatus, helped sheffifs catch criminals
    • Medieval
      • Limits of justice
      • Crime Prevention and Crime Waves
        • Increased stealing, war crime, tasxes, local crime catches
          • Still absence of a police force
        • Church taught rights and wrongs, deterring people by threat of punishment, past behaviour of accused, by catching those who committed the crime
    • Punishing poor
      • Victims of poverty and criminals beggars
        • Gave badges to desvering poor as they were actually poor
        • Sturdy beggars were punished as they choice to be poor and were able to work
          • Changes in economy caused beggars and people looking for work to increae
            • Gave badges to desvering poor as they were actually poor
    • Treason
      • Protestants vs Catholic rulers
        • Political and Religious changes due to Tudors constantly changing
        • Plots to kill rulers eg Guy Fawkes
    • Jonathan Wild
      • Popular figure who was a successful policeman and ran successful gang of thieves
        • Most famous criminal who was hanged for his punishments
          • Made people believe he was someone he wasn't
    • Rulers and Ruled
      • Divine Right, God gave power to Ruler meanign you challenged God and Ruler
        • Hierarchy
          • Age, Gender, Power, Wealth, Rights

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