Edexel Crime and Punishment

These are the key terms for Crime and Punishment if you are following the Edexel History course.

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Types of Crimes

What are:

Crimes Against Person

Crimes Against Property

Crimes Against Authority

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Types of Crime

Crimes against person: Murder, manslaughter, armed robbery, sexual crimes such as ****.

Crimes against property: Theft from shops, burgulary, theft of horses/sheep, poaching, forgery, fraud, smuggling, piracy.

Crimes against authority: Treason, heresy, witchcraft, conspiracy.

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Reasons For Crime

What is :

Need

Belief

Impulse

Influences

Gain

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Reasons for Crime

Need: Crime is caused by poverty or unemployment

Belief: Crime is against exisiting authority/ religion through belief that they are wrong and should be changed.

Impulse: Crime is committed on the spur of the moment.

Influences: Crimes committed under the influences of others, alcohol and drugs.

Gain: Crime is carried out to acquire money or goods for profit.

 

 

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Theories of Punishment

What is:

Retribution

Deterrence

Rehabilitation

Restitution

Removal

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Retribution: Punishment gives the public the satisfaction that the criminal has been dealt with. May be a feeling of revenge.

Deterrence: Punishment is intended to deter others from committing a similar crime

Rehabilitation: Punishment reforms the criminal . May also help them become a law abiding citizen.

Restitution: Punishment makes the criminal provide compensation to victims/society.

Removal: Punishment is intended to dispose of the criminal, for a while or permanently.

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Types of Punishment

What is:

Capital Punishment

Mutilation

Corporal Punishment

Imprisonment

Transportation

Fines

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Types of Punishment

Capital Punishment: Executions of various kinds, including beheading, hanging and burning at the stake.

 Mutilation:Cutting off parts of the body: for example, removal of ear or slitting of nostrils.  

Corporal Punishment: Whipping or punishment in the pillory or stocks.

Imprisonment: Confinement in celss, either alone or with others.

Transportation: Forcible removal to a continent colony in North America or Australia.

Fines: Punishment by payment of money.

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Comments

Muaaz

GOOD!!!

short and brief

Ellie Meekie

thanks very useful :) x

TOM

not useful lol wtf

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