GLOBALISATION - costs and benefits of migration

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  • Costs and benefits of migration
    • Host region
      • COSTS
        • Social tension associated with migration means a lack of jobs (by UKIP).
        • Political parties change policies to suit concern (pledge to REDUCE migration).
        • Local shortages of school places (LONDON becomes E . EUROPEAN hotspot).
        • New markets develop for ethnic food, bringing changes to urban-built environments.
        • social tensions, political views, school spaces, changing urban environments
      • BENEFITS
        • Some migrants are entrepreneurs
        • Wages spent on rent.
        • Economic migrants willing to work labour (POLISH farmers).
        • Fills particular skills shortages (INDIAN doctors to the UK in 1950's).
        • entrepreneurs, wages spent, willing to work, fills skill shortages.
    • Source region
      • COSTS
        • Closure of Uni courses due to lack of students
        • Closure of urban services due to younger people leaving (Nightclubs in WARSAW, POLAND, closed in 2014).
        • Reduced economic growth as consumption fails.
        • Economic loss as a result of loss of Human Resources (doctors, teachers).
        • closure of services and uni's, loss of Human Resources, reduced economic growth.
      • BENEFITS
        • Migrant remittances contribute to national earnings (2014, 25% of NEPAL's national earnings made up of remittances.
        • Less public spending on housing and health
        • Migrants may return with new skills (young ASIAN's open health and food businesses in INDIA).
        • (remittances, public spending and skills).
  • BENEFITS
    • Some migrants are entrepreneurs
    • Wages spent on rent.
    • Economic migrants willing to work labour (POLISH farmers).
    • Fills particular skills shortages (INDIAN doctors to the UK in 1950's).
    • entrepreneurs, wages spent, willing to work, fills skill shortages.

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