Cold War - Post War Perspectives

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  • Cold War - Post-Cold War perspectives
    • The end of the cold war caused a shift in perspectives
      • The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 lead to the opening of Soviet archives, which lead to new research and shifting perspectives
    • Some Revisionist and post-revisionists modified their positions, particularly in regards to Stalin and Soviet policy
      • Gaddis published a new text in 1997 after searching through archives in Moscow, Prague, Berlin, Budapest, Beijing, Hanoi and Havana
        • He took a much firmer line on Stalin, who was partly driven by ideological and geostrategic ambitions, partly responding to the opportunities that lay before him, built a post-war European empire
    • Other historians have also returned to claiming the Cold War as an ideological struggle, rather than one based on power or geopolitical rivalry
      • Some writers and academics have pondered what the Cold War means for the future
        • Two of the best known Theories were deviloped by political scientists Samual P. Huntington and Francis Fukuyama
    • In 1992 Fukuyama claimed that the end of the Cold War was the final victory for democracy and capitalism
      • Liberal democracy had emerged as mankind's highest-evolved and best form of government, surpassing all other systems.
        • He marked this as the 'end of history' not of historical events or change, but of the great historical struggle between ideologies
    • Huntington's view of the future was more pessimistic
      • He suggested the collapse of the Soviet Union would produce significant changes in the world order
        • Future tensions and conflicts would not be driven by ideology or competing economic interests, but by fundamental differences in social structure, culture and religious values
          • His thesis became known as the 'clash of civilisations' theory

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