Cognitive psychology: definitions

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Cognitive definitions
    • Information processing
      • the mind is the major influence on our behaviour and it works as an input - output system
        • (Input): the mind takes in information from the environment
          • the mind processes it
            • (Output): behaviour or reaction
    • Cognition + Cognitive psychology
      • Cognition: the mental processes needed to make sense of the world
      • Cognitive psychology: the mind is the main influence on our behaviour and what we do is determined by our perception of events and thought processes
    • Memory
      • Memory is the term given to the structures and processes involved in the storage and subsequent retrieval of information
    • Computer analogy
      • The cognitive explanation is often referred to as the computer analogy because both:
        • receive information (via keyboard or a disk vs. the senses)
          • store and process information (saving to hard-drive vs. saving as a memory and accessing that)
            • output information (images on the screen/ printout vs. behaviour e.g crying, talking, laughing)
    • Forgetting
      • the loss of information already encoded as a memory
    • Storage
      • the ability to retain memory traces / information in the brain
    • Retrieval
      • being able to obtain information already encoded that is in storage


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Cognitive Psychology resources »