Classical Music

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  • Classical 1750-1810
    • Features
      • an emphasis on elegance and balance
      • short well-balanced melodies and clear-cut question and answer phrases
      • mainly simple  diatonic harmony
      • mainly homophonic textures  (melody plus  accompaniment) but with some use of counterpoint (where two or more melodic lines are combined)
      • use of contrasting moods
      • Smooth Dynamics
    • Forms
      • Symphony
        • 1st movement: Allegro (fast) in sonata form
        • 2nd movement: Slow
        • 3rd movement: Minuet (a dance with three beats in a bar)
        • 4th movement: Allegro
      • Sonata
        • Most of the musical ideas come from two contrasting  themes  heard in the exposition.
        • In the  exposition  there are two main melodies; first and second  subject.
        • The first subject is in the tonic key.The second subject is in a different key, usually the dominant or the relative minor. Connected by a transition or bridge passage.
        • In the  development  material from the exposition is transformed. The music goes through  modulations (key changes).
        • In the   recapitulation the exposition is repeated (recapped) in a slightly different and shorter form. The first and second subject are now in the tonic key.
    • Instruments
      • String family: Violin Viola Cello  Bass (double bass, contra bass)
      • Woodwind family:     Flute, Piccolo, Oboe, English horn Clarinet, Bass clarinet Bassoon, Contrabasso-on
      • Brass family: Trumpet Horn (French horn) Trombone Tuba
      • Keyboards: Piano    Organ
    • Notable Composers
      • Franz Joseph Haydn
        • Missa Sancti Bernardi von Offida (Heiligmesse), B flat Major
        • Symphony No. 34, d minor
        • Die Schöpfung (The Creation)
      • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
        • Idomeneo
        • Symphony No. 35 Haffner, D Major
        • Requiem Mass
      • Ludwig Van Beethoven
        • Mass in D Missa solemnis
        • Piano Concerto No. 4- G Major
        • Symphony No. 3 Eroica,  - E flat Major

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