class and crime

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  • class
    • Funct
      • crime is good for soc - maint consensus
      • reinf bound via pun
      • w/c crime
        • satisfied w/ role @ bottom of soc
          • poor socialisation & frust
        • 1 parents fam - no discipline
        • w/c rejection f/ soc/school
          • illegit opp structure
        • Merton - 5 responses
          • CIRRR
            •  
      • m/c crime
        • don't commit crime
          • effectively socialised
            • legit opp structure
              • Cap gives head start @ school
          • Merton - conformity
            • accept goals & institutional means
      • EVAL
        • ig w.c.c
        • ig age, gender ethnicity etc
        • ig sel pol
      • trust courts, pol, figs?
        • pol & courts = fair
          • pun rem troublemakers & imp soc cont in wider soc
          • pol focus on areas where trouble is excessive
    • subc
      • how groups can form alt cultures that drive them into crime
      • w/c
        • w/c youths feel frust due to status so form subc
          • alt v's to mainst soc
        • Miller - focal concerns
          • STAFET
      • m/c
        • don't commit crime - don't feel status f - do well in school
          • legit opp structure
            • conf to mainst v's
      • can trust courts, pol & figs?
        • yes - place blame on indiv - status f
      • EVAL
        • not every crim is part of subc
        • no mention of women
        • too deterministic
    • eco
      • closer to city centre = anomie - no-one knows you
        • soc cont in city = lim
          • Tonnies - the lonely crowd
      • w/c
        • zone of transition - zone 2 - rapid soc change
        • routine activities (Cohen & Felson)
          • crime occurs in familiar & low risk areas
            • linked to activities & lives of victim
              • happen when victim & offenders lifes coincide
                • no capable guardian
      • m/c
        • institution of priv = CCTV
        • neigh watch
        • suburbia = consensus
      • trust pol etc?
        • yes - m/c don't commit crime
      • EVAL
        • ig w.c.c crime
        • ig labelling process
        • ig moral pan
    • Marxism
      • cap - wealth & pov
        • exploitation
      • w/c
        • greed - ineq & frust - dev
        • eco dep - criminogenic = ineq
        • Althusser - ISA - rich = rich & poor = poor
        • Mannhiem - law protects priv prop of r/c
      • m/c
        • commit crime - makes laws to serve selves - tax evasion
        • socialised that greedy = good
        • w.c.c. & corporate crime - detection issues, types - employee theft, tax fraud etc
      • trust?
        • no - poor focued on too much - drives attention away f/ r/c
        • sel pol
      • EVAL
        • ig labelling process
        • many laws ben w/c - welfare
        • too determ
    • control
      • Hirschi - bonds - commitment, involvement, belief
      • w/c
        • 1 parent fam - lack of atta to soc = crim
        • Dennis - fams without fatherhood - changing role of women & increase in fathers leaving
      • m/c
        • surveillance - neigh watch
          • inf soc cont
        • > likely to dob on misbeh neigh - unlike w/c
      • trust?
        • yes - should have morals to know bet good & bad beh through socialisation
      • EVAL
        • mainly focus on street crime
        • nothers can socialise kids to not be dev

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