Churchill 1951-55

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Churchill 1951-55
    • 'Butskellism'
      • Key figure of Churchill govt = R.A.Butler
        • 1951-1955
          • Was big influence in formation of modern Conservatism
        • Set pattern for economic policy until 1964 (Keynesian)
      • Continued Labours main aims.
        • trying to maintain full employment while achieving economic growth
        • expanding welfare state
        • staying committed to defence programme (inc. korean war 1950-1953)
        • developing a nuclear weapons programme
      • Untitled
      • Face Britian was heavily in debt
        • Result of wartime borrowing and continuing heavy defence spendiing
          • Economy actually over reached itself WEAKNESS - trying to create a modern, competitive industrial economy but crippled themselves through things such as welfare state and excessive defence spending
      • HISTORIAN: Kenneth Morgan.
        • Butskellism = 'state of mind'
        • "Implied a coherent attempt to maintain a social consensus and to try to 'set the people free' through greater liberalisation, lower indirect taxation and decontrol, without dismantling the popular welfare and industrial fabric of Attlee's years'
    • 1951 Election Results:
      • C = 321 seats L = 295 seats
      • Percentage of votes: C = 48% L = 48.8%
    • Churchill absentee PM = ill health - stroke in 1953 and 80 yr old when retried in 1955
      • Much day to day govt left to Anthony Eden, RA Butler, Harold MacMillan
      • But his prestige and enormous political ability enstilled he still had a lot of power and influence
  • Key events and developments
    • Churchill 1951-55
      • 'Butskellism'
        • Key figure of Churchill govt = R.A.Butler
          • 1951-1955
            • Was big influence in formation of modern Conservatism
          • Set pattern for economic policy until 1964 (Keynesian)
        • Continued Labours main aims.
          • trying to maintain full employment while achieving economic growth
          • expanding welfare state
          • staying committed to defence programme (inc. korean war 1950-1953)
          • developing a nuclear weapons programme
        • Untitled
        • Face Britian was heavily in debt
          • Result of wartime borrowing and continuing heavy defence spendiing
            • Economy actually over reached itself WEAKNESS - trying to create a modern, competitive industrial economy but crippled themselves through things such as welfare state and excessive defence spending
        • HISTORIAN: Kenneth Morgan.
          • Butskellism = 'state of mind'
          • "Implied a coherent attempt to maintain a social consensus and to try to 'set the people free' through greater liberalisation, lower indirect taxation and decontrol, without dismantling the popular welfare and industrial fabric of Attlee's years'
      • 1951 Election Results:
        • C = 321 seats L = 295 seats
        • Percentage of votes: C = 48% L = 48.8%
      • Churchill absentee PM = ill health - stroke in 1953 and 80 yr old when retried in 1955
        • Much day to day govt left to Anthony Eden, RA Butler, Harold MacMillan
        • But his prestige and enormous political ability enstilled he still had a lot of power and influence
    • Rationing ended
    • Steel denationalised
    • Party committed to building 300,000 homes
    • Continued Keynesian policies
    • Britain detonated its 1st atomic bomb in 1952
    • Korean War ended in 1953
  • Rationing ended

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »